Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the rural heartland of India with economy depending mostly on the agriculture. UP is also politically very active and now one of the most divisive in terms of Caste based Politics.
From Tourist point of view, Agra (Taj Mahal) and Varansi are one of the most preferred destinations for an overseas traveler. Bharatpur is famous for migratory birds and Mathura is a famous Hindu Pilgrimage destination.
Kanpur, Allahabad and Lucknow are vibrant cities from business point of view. Lucknow still retains a lot of the erstwhile Nawab influence and is known for its cuisine.
UP also is home to the famous Buddhist circuit extending to bordering State Bihar and Nepal.